14 most popular dog breeds in India

most popular dog breeds in India

Discover the most popular dog breeds in India, including German Shepherds, Dobermans, Golden Retrievers, Great Danes, Siberian Huskies, Beagles, Bulldogs, Chihuahuas, Lhasa Apsos, Pugs, Pomeranians, and Dachshunds. Learn about their origins, traits, health, grooming, exercise needs, training tips, recommended diets, and care instructions to find the perfect fit for your family and lifestyle.

German Shepherd

Most Popular Dog Breeds in India

The German Shepherd: A Loyal and Energetic Companion for Active Indian Families

Shepherds are truly incredibly active. It will not be difficult for them to run for hours after a stick or actively play all kinds of games. They need constant communication. For people who love peace and tranquility, this can be an inconvenience.

Animals of this breed will be both excellent guards, “co-workers”, and excellent furry friends, and protectors in the family. The most important thing for them is a person’s authority. They are ready to obey unquestioningly, learn, and carry out any commands. This makes them ideal for families or individuals who enjoy an active lifestyle and spending time outdoors.

The process of training them goes quickly and clearly because the “Germans” are one of the smartest dogs in the world. An important task for the owner is to start training as early as possible.

t’s no wonder that the German Shepherd consistently ranks among the most popular dog breeds in India. Their adaptability to various climates, combined with their loyalty, intelligence, and protective nature, make them a perfect fit for Indian families seeking a faithful and versatile companion.

Features

Size:Large
Height: 55-65 cm
Weight:20-40 kg
Health:Often these dogs suffer from hip dysplasia, and many of them are already born with this disease.When the dog is one year old, it is necessary to diagnose the joints to identify the disease in advance and take corrective therapy.
Grooming:To care for the fur you will need a slicker brush, a massage mitt, and a comb.The teeth of the last tool should be the same as the pet’s fur, that is, either long or short.
Exercise:You will have to walk your pet often and a lot. To release energy, you will need not only walking but also outdoor games, including obstacle racing and fetch. 
Training:Training needs to start at a young age. German Shepherds are able to learn simple commands with just a few repetitions.The puppy needs to be trained in a playful way, to be able to interest him. Do not show aggression – the dog will not understand it. 
Nutrition:If you decide to feed your dog dry professional food, then it should be super-premium. 
Recommended Food:However, many owners prefer to feed their German Shepherd natural food: offal, meat trimmings, vegetables such as pumpkin, zucchini, and carrots, as well as eggs and cottage cheese are good options. 
Care:German Shepherds do not require special care, but the owner must constantly monitor the condition of their ears and teeth. You should brush their teeth with a special paste or let them chew on raw bones.Wipe your dog’s ears with a damp cotton pad every two weeks. A shepherd’s nails should be trimmed every three weeks.

Doberman Pinscher

Doberman Pinscher popular breed in india

These graceful and powerful dogs were bred in Germany in the 1880s and bear the name of their “father,” the founder of the breed, Friedrich Karl Louis Dobermann.

Dobermans are renowned for their unwavering devotion to their families. They are alert and vigilant, making them exceptional guard dogs that are quick to detect and deter any potential threats. However, their loyalty extends beyond protection. Dobermans are affectionate companions, eager to please their loved ones and form strong bonds with them.

Dobermans have steadily risen in popularity among Indian dog lovers, and it’s not hard to see why. Their striking appearance, combined with their protective nature and unwavering loyalty, makes them an ideal choice for those seeking a reliable guardian and a loving companion. Their adaptability to the Indian climate and their ability to thrive in both urban and rural settings further contribute to their popularity.

Features

Size:Large
Height:63–72 cm
Weight:32–45 kg
Health:For daily care, it is enough to wipe your pet’s fur and paws after a walk with a damp towel.Once a week the animal must be combed with a special brush.
Grooming:Caring for a German Medium Pinscher is simple and accessible even to a novice dog breeder.Brushing the coat with a stiff brush three times a week. Monthly bathing using special veterinary shampoos.
Exercise:30 min walk and running is enough.
Training:In dealing with a Doberman, softness is inappropriate: commands must be given firmly and firmly. In general, training recommendations are simple: reward your pet with a treat for following commands, be consistent and demonstrate your authority, do not provoke the dog into anger, and do not allow him to chew furniture or pick up food from the floor.
Nutrition:The puppy should receive nutrients without excess or deficiency.Too many calories, vitamins, and calcium are just as harmful as too little. In animals of the Maxi/Large weight category, the growth of muscle mass should not outstrip the growth of bones, so as not to overload the musculoskeletal system.Quality feed and its precise dosing are of paramount importance.
Recommended Food:German pinschers are unpretentious and not picky when it comes to food: the choice between ready-made food and a “natural” menu depends only on the desire of the owner.
Care:Dobermans have short hair, which means grooming will not take you much time.Frequent bathing is not required.Daily care for your pet includes washing its paws after every walk.Once, a maximum of twice a week, your pet should be combed with a stiff brush.

Golden Retriever

Golden Retriever

Golden Retrievers are very hardy and energetic. They are very smart, agile, friendly, a little intrusive, but only because of their boundless love and boundless devotion to their owner. 

The main distinguishing features included in the description of the Golden Retriever breed are a good memory and a keen sense of smell, thanks to which the dogs are brilliant detectives and hunters.

It is not difficult for them to find the game in high thickets, deftly catch it, and hold it. They are very active, and playful, and love walks, active entertainment, as well as long journeys with their beloved owners.

Golden Retrievers are not only popular in India but have become a beloved family member in many households. Their gentle temperament, intelligence, trainability, and adaptability to various lifestyles and climates make them a top choice for first-time dog owners and experienced dog lovers alike. Their friendly nature and playful spirit make them perfect companions for children, while their loyalty and protective instincts provide a sense of security to their families.

The Golden Retriever’s popularity in India is a testament to its versatility and ability to seamlessly integrate into Indian households, bringing joy, companionship, and unwavering loyalty.

Features:

Size:Large
Height:51-61 cm
Weight:25-41 kg
Health:Like all dog breeds, golden retrievers have their own health problems, and some offspring are susceptible to frequent hereditary diseases. They are especially often diagnosed with hip dysplasia and retinal atrophy. These animals are also prone to obesity, which leads to arthritis, hypothyroidism, and other diseases. 
Grooming:It is recommended to periodically inspect them clean them with a cotton swab and pre-lubricate them with baby oil. Since the growths on the claws do not sharpen naturally, the claws must be trimmed regularly to avoid deformation of the limbs. 
Exercise:These dogs are sanguine, they are not inclined to dominate. Their favorite activities are active walks, games, and jogging. They are characterized by quick wit, intelligence, and some delicacy in behavior. 
Training:Training golden retriever puppies should begin from the moment he arrives in the house. In the first days of being in a new home, the puppy should get used to its name, and then to its collar and leash. At this age, he can also be taught the commands: “sit” and “lie down.”  Training during this period is best done at home. 
Nutrition:For a dog to be healthy and active, it needs a properly selected diet. The best solution would be high-quality wet or dry food. It contains all the vitamins, useful components, and nutritional elements necessary for the animal. 
Recommended Food:Half of the diet must consist of a sufficient amount of protein products; Lean varieties of beef, rabbit, and turkey are suitable. It is better to cook thick, rich porridges from them, adding various fresh or thermally processed vegetables.The most useful root vegetables are carrots, beets, cabbage, and turnips. Fermented milk products are needed for the normal functioning of the animal’s digestive tract, so kefir, cottage cheese, and yogurt can be given periodically. 
Care:It is better to bathe once or twice a month, using special detergents and conditioners. The main problem for the dog owner is its long hair, which needs timely and proper care: thorough washing, and combing with a brush. Ears should be washed and cleaned as necessary.

Great Dane

Great Dane

The stern appearance of the Great Dane is a great deterrent to potential thieves. It works even better together with a bass bark, but representatives of the breed resort to it only for business.

Representatives of the breed are angelically patient with children. They steadfastly endure all their pranks and do not succumb to provocations, preferring to simply ignore an overly mischievous child.

Despite its moderate activity, it is not recommended to keep a Great Dane in an apartment that is too small. Otherwise, it will take up most of the living space and will regularly destroy everything around, hitting things during turns.

While Great Danes might not be as common as some smaller breeds in India, their popularity is steadily growing. Their imposing size and gentle nature make them unique and sought-after companions. They are increasingly seen as symbols of status and prestige, while their loyalty and protective instincts make them invaluable guardians for Indian families.Additionally, their adaptability to different climates and their relatively low-maintenance grooming needs make them a practical choice for many Indian households.

Features:

Size:Large
Height:72-90 cm
Weight:50-79 kg
Health:Great Danes are prone to colds during the cold season, so you should not leave them outside for long periods of time in cold climates.If you plan to go for a walk with a dog of this breed in winter, it is recommended to wear special clothing for dogs.
Grooming:Caring for a Great Dane involves mandatory nail care. A dog’s nails need regular trimming to prevent discomfort or pain when walking.The oral cavity should be examined frequently, which makes it possible to prevent the development of diseases.
Exercise:Great Danes are inactive indoors but active outdoors.Until the Great Dane reaches maturity, it is important to limit the amount of physical activity such as running and other types of strenuous exercise to prevent developmental problems in the dog’s joints and muscles.
Training:Use calm and positive training methods and do not subject your Great Dane to harsh punishments.Great Danes are a sensitive breed and quickly adapt to the owner’s emotions of approval or disapproval. A sharp “no” or lack of attention is all that is required for the dog to understand that he did something wrong.
Nutrition:A good food for a Great Dane puppy should be of very high quality, no matter how old he is.At the same time, the dog owner must clearly know that the gender and age of the puppy are directly related to the diet of the Great Dane, in particular, to the amount of food that the dog takes at one time as food.
Recommended Food:Boiled lean meat.
 Rice porridge.
 Milk porridge.
 Non-allergenic raw vegetables like pumpkin, cucumbers, carrots, and zucchini
Care:One of the disadvantages of a dog breed like the Great Dane is its tendency to shed.But, despite the good shedding, it is not at all difficult to keep the Great Dane’s coat in good condition; it is enough just to brush it with a thick brush on a regular basis. This type of care allows you to avoid unnecessary bathing of the dog, as the coat becomes clean and remains healthy. 

Siberian Husky

Siberian Husky

Husky is a fairly large dog, with an elongated body and well-developed muscles. They have a large head with triangular, high-set ears and a striking black nose. The eyes are almond-shaped, widely spaced, slightly slanted. 

The color is blue or brown. The husky’s paws are of medium length, and strong, and the tail is thick and fluffy.

The husky’s coat is thick, with a developed undercoat and of medium length. The colors are varied: from black to white, with marks and stripes all over the body. The most popular colors are black and white and gray and white.

Huskies are very friendly and affectionate dogs. They establish closer and deeper relationships with only one family member, thereby showing who they have chosen as their master.

Siberian Huskies have been steadily gaining popularity in India, particularly among dog lovers who appreciate their unique appearance and independent spirit. While they may not be the most suitable breed for India’s hot climate, many owners have found ways to adapt and provide their Huskies with the necessary care and comfort. 

The breed’s striking appearance and association with adventure and the great outdoors make them a popular choice for those seeking a unique and eye-catching companion. Additionally, their friendly nature and playful personality make them a joy to be around,further solidifying their place as a beloved dog breed in India.

Features:

Size:Medium
Height:50-60 cm
Weight:15-28 kg
Health:Huskies are a fairly healthy breed, but there are still a number of diseases that occur in them. Vision problems – these include corneal dystrophy, entropion (entropion), progressive retinal atrophy, and cataracts. Huskies also suffer from glaucoma, atopic dermatitis, laryngeal paralysis, and hypertension. Testicular tumors occur in male dogs.
Grooming:It is enough to clean the ears and eyes once every two weeks and to prevent eye diseases. In the summer, the hair between the paw pads needs to be trimmed so that it does not cause discomfort to the dog.
Exercise:The Siberian Husky is a very intelligent and smart breed that is easy to train and train, but an obedient, controllable, and well-trained dog is the best reward for your time and efforts!
Training:Huskies love to dominate and always strive to take the place of leader in the family, so immediately show the dog who is the boss. The dog should eat only after the owner has eaten. The dog can also enter the premises only after the owner leaves it on command.Learning simple commands should begin from early childhood – from two to three months.Teach your dog to give paw, sit, lie down, and the “fetch” command. Conduct training in the form of a game, praise the dog for correctly completing tasks – and for each success, please with a treat or pat on the head.
Nutrition:Active huskies need a diet high in protein. Ready-made dry and wet food is the best option since the compositions are completely balanced and supplemented with essential vitamins, minerals, and trace elements. It is recommended to choose food for huskies of the holistic, super-premium, and premium classes.
Recommended Food:You need to feed your pet with super premium dry food. If you choose “natural” foods, then choose lean meats, offal, eggs, cottage cheese, vegetables, and fruits. 
Care:Huskies are quite unpretentious in maintenance and do not require special care. They are very clean and will not cause problems with strong odor from the fur. This breed rarely needs to be bathed – 1-2 times a year is enough.

Beagles

Beagles

The Beagle, with its charming floppy ears and expressive eyes, is a popular breed that has captured the hearts of dog lovers worldwide, including in India. It is a medium-sized and strongly built dog, with muscular hind legs and a medium-length tail with an obligatory white tip.

A beagle’s ears, when extended, reach the tip of the nose, while they are rounded and hang down.

This breed has an amazing sense of smell, so it is often used not only to track game but also to search for contraband and drugs at airports. Big brown eyes and slightly saggy lips give beagles a special charm.

The color of the breed corresponds to the standard colors of hounds. Most often there is a combination of black, white, and red colors, less often black and white bicolor or completely white beagles.

Beagles have been steadily rising in popularity in India due to their manageable size, adaptability to various living environments, and their affectionate nature. Their playful personality and gentle temperament make them a perfect fit for Indian families with children. 

Additionally, their intelligence and trainability make them a joy to train and a reliable companion for various activities, from leisurely walks to outdoor adventures.

Features:

Size:Medium
Height: 33–40 cm
Weight:12–18 kg
Health:Although dogs rarely suffer from specific diseases, improper feeding can lead to obesity and digestive tract problems. Also, beagles (especially older ones) often develop hip dysplasia, which can lead to arthritis or even lameness.  Another insidious disease is achondroplasia, which can lead to degeneration of the front legs.
Grooming:Beagle ears are one of the main decorations of the breed. And of course, they require special care. You already know that due to poor ventilation of the ears, they are prone to inflammation and the development of infections.  Check your ears regularly, at least 2-3 times a month. The eyes are also the beagle’s weak point and therefore require special care and attention.  Regularly wipe your pet’s eyes with damp cotton pads, and use antimicrobial agents if necessary.
Exercise:You need to walk your beagle 2-3 hours a day. Beagles, like all hunting dogs, are very active and need to exercise a lot.
Training:Beagles are very smart and quick-witted dogs, but they can also be enviably stubborn. Training should begin at an early age, rewarding success with affection and treats. Forget about punishments: any manifestation of aggression can cause resentment in the dog, and you will have to forget about training. 
Nutrition:As for nutrition, remember the main rule – never overfeed your beagle, even if he sits at the table looking the hungriest. It is better to choose professional dry food, which will balance all proteins, fats, and carbohydrates.
Recommended Food:The diet should be boiled meat and offal, boneless fish, and only 30% should be porridge. You can include cottage cheese and fermented baked milk in your diet, but if your dog has indigestion, avoid these foods.
Care:Beagles are very clean dogs, so you should not bathe them too often, washing off the protective grease from their coat. Although, if after another walk your pet gets very dirty, then give him extraordinary water treatments. It is also worth regularly cleaning the ears from accumulated wax and dirt with a special solution and wiping the eyes with antimicrobial agents.

Bulldog

bulldog

The English Bulldog is an excellent companion for families with children, young and old couples, and travelers. However, they will not be able to become partners for athletes with a high level of load: they do not like too intense exercise and may be generally contraindicated.

The English Bulldog is not only an excellent bodyguard, but also a true friend. But if a large head, many wrinkles and folds on the face can amuse, then the profuse salivation inherent in dogs can also repel someone.

The English Bulldog has a very characteristic appearance that cannot be confused with any other. Because of its appearance, it may seem that the pet is by nature clumsy and slow.

The English Bulldog’s popularity in India has been steadily rising, thanks in part to their adaptability to different living environments, from apartments to larger homes. 

Their low exercise requirements and affectionate nature make them a perfect fit for busy individuals and families who may not have a lot of time for strenuous activities. They are also relatively low-maintenance when it comes to grooming, making them a practical choice for many Indian pet owners.

Features:

Size:Medium
Height: 50-55 cm
Weight:23- 25 kg
Health:The English Bulldog cannot be considered one of the strongest breeds, but with proper care and regular examinations by a veterinarian, the animal will feel great. It is also important when buying a puppy to make sure that its parents are completely healthy.
Grooming:Brushing the coat is an important procedure for every dog, especially while shedding. This can be done with a special brush or rubber glove. The procedure brings great pleasure to the animal.Bulldogs’ eyes often water, like many other flat-faced animals, so it is necessary to wipe them daily with cotton pads. Contamination in the form of tear tracks can be removed with boiled water or a special lotion from a pet store. Taking care of your teeth is extremely important. Oral hygiene is carried out at least 2 times a week with a special brush and veterinary paste. A pet that has been accustomed since childhood will calmly accept all hygiene procedures.
Exercise:An English Bulldog does not require long or too active walking – but you cannot completely refuse to go outside either. A healthy animal should walk at least 1.5 hours a day, and this time should be divided into 2-3 outings.  For puppies that are just learning to relieve themselves outside the home, the frequency of walks should be higher and their duration shorter.
Training:It is difficult to classify the English Bulldog as a breed whose representatives can lay claim to the title of beauty champions. However, they also need training, even minimal training.
Nutrition:You should not give your animal food from your table. Dishes with salt, spices, and flavorings can be harmful, and some products are even dangerous to the health and life of your pet.
Recommended Food:The Recommended Food for Bulldog is beef, eggs, veal, rice, buckwheat, cottage cheese, kefir, vegetables, fresh herbs, some fruits, and berries. 
Care:Washing and water treatments for short-haired bulldogs are recommended no more than 2-3 times a year. You just need to wipe the muzzle from accumulated saliva, leftover food, and paws after a walk.Caring for your ears is also not difficult. It is enough to inspect and clean them once a week. To do this, you will need cotton pads and veterinary lotion.

Chihuahua

Chihuahua

Small dogs originated in Mexico, where the Toltecs, a mysterious people, appeared in the Middle Ages. The Indians and priests of this tribe kept pets – they had mute dogs with long hair. 

These dogs were sacred to them and participated in various rituals and holidays. After the death of the owner, they were sacrificed, because it was believed that the dog takes away the sins of the deceased.

This mini breed has a very elegant appearance and compact body. The dog’s skull is small, widening at the base and narrowing at the nose. The nose is short and neat, looking up.

Chihuahuas have gained immense popularity in India, especially in urban areas where their small size makes them ideal for apartment living. They are relatively low-maintenance when it comes to exercise and grooming, making them a convenient choice for busy individuals and families.

 Their affectionate nature and playful personality make them wonderful companions for people of all ages, and their loyalty and protective instincts make them surprisingly effective watchdogs despite their diminutive stature. 

Their growing presence in Indian households reflects their adaptability to the Indian lifestyle and their ability to bring joy and companionship to their owners.

Features:

Size:Small
Height:15-23 cm
Weight:1.5-3 kg
Health:Small dogs often have dental problems, and Chihuahuas are no exception. Their baby teeth often do not fall out on their own, and they have to go to the dentist to carefully remove them.One of the characteristics of this breed is its tendency to tremble.  Eye diseases are also common in Chihuahuas, so you need to monitor them closely.  They can easily hurt them in the corners.
Grooming:Dogs need to have their nails trimmed once every two weeks as they cause discomfort when walking and jumping. It is necessary to clean your ears with a special lotion as they become dirty.
Exercise:You need to take your Chihuahua out for walks regularly, ideally every day. This will keep the dog in good physical shape and socialize it. You can go for short runs or play ball.
Training:You need to start training your dog from an early age. You should not take puppies under three months old. Due to the fact that he has little interaction with his brothers and sisters, the dog may grow up to be selfish and unable to get along with both people and animals.
Nutrition:It is advisable to feed these dogs with super-premium or premium dry food, it contains all vitamins and minerals. It is important to choose food that does not contain grains. Do not give your little ones sweets, flour, or spicy foods, this will negatively affect their health.  Chihuahuas also have a tendency to obesity; their weight should not exceed three kilograms, says the breeder.
Recommended Food:For Chihuahuas who adhere to a natural diet, it is recommended to feed them lean meat (beef, veal), fermented milk, and cereals, and the meat must undergo heat treatment.Once a week, your pet can be treated to boiled offal (liver, lungs, heart, kidneys), fish fillet (only heat-treated sea fish), and an egg.  A couple of times a month they give boiled chicken meat without skin. Among the porridges, buckwheat, rice, and corn are the priority. 
Care:Chihuahuas should live in a house; they do not take up much space. The dog should have its own place to sleep and eat. Dogs get very cold, so it is important to protect them from drafts and cold. Due to their fast metabolism, they begin to shiver and then catch a cold. In cold weather, you should not walk with them, or dress them in a warm dog jacket. 

Lhasa Apso

Lhasa Apso

The Lhasa Apso is one of the most ancient dog breeds, bred in Tibet. They are closer in character to shepherds and can be good watchdogs. Before getting a Lhasa Apso, you should study the description of the breed and watch a video about it.

The small Lhasa Apso dog is ideal for keeping in a city apartment. This is an excellent companion that gets along well with any owner. 

He will be happy to accompany his owner on a walk; he does not require much physical activity. Therefore, the breed is suitable for older people and can be used as a guide dog for the disabled.

Their adaptability to apartment living and their relatively low exercise needs make them a popular choice for city dwellers in India. They are well-suited for families with older children or senior citizens who prefer a calmer lifestyle. Their gentle nature and affectionate demeanor make them beloved pets in many Indian households.

Although not as common as some other breeds, the Lhasa Apso has been gaining popularity in India due to its unique appearance, loyal nature, and adaptability to the Indian lifestyle. Their history as a sacred dog and their reputation as devoted companions make them a cherished addition to many Indian families.

Features:

Size:Small
Height:20-25 cm
Weight:5-7 kg
Health:Representatives of the breed have fairly good health. Only sometimes the following diseases occur:Allergy;
Eye diseases;
Renal hypoplasia;
Joint dysplasia;
Grooming:Lhasa Apsos are representatives of a decorative dog breed. Therefore, they require careful and regular grooming. You need to comb it every day, preferably even 2-3 times a day. For this purpose, combs with fine and rare teeth, brushes, and silicone gloves are used. It is recommended to part the hair in the middle of the back.  Trim nails 1-2 times a month. Brush your teeth a couple of times a week.
Exercise:Lhasa Apsos are smart and intelligent, but they are difficult to train. They tend to dominate and are very independent, so they will obey only an authoritative owner with a strong character. It is necessary to walk 2-3 times a day, although walks can be short – 20 minutes.These dogs do not require much physical activity.
Training:This dog needs to be trained and socialized from an early age. If you don’t immediately instill rules of behavior, she will grow up impudent, playful, and spoiled.  Training with your Tibetan Apso should be regular, short, and varied.
Nutrition:You can feed your Lhasa Apso with both natural food and high-quality dry food. In the second case, you need to choose premium or super-premium options.
Recommended Food:When choosing a natural diet, at least half of the diet should be meat. Sometimes it can be replaced with offal or sea fish. Meat products are mixed with cereals and vegetables. It is useful to give cartilage, egg yolk, vegetable oil, and fermented milk products.
Care:The Lhasa Apso is perfect for apartment living. You need to equip your dog with a cozy bed or house. You can bathe your Tibetan Apso as needed. Just be sure to use special shampoo for long hair, balms, and conditioners.

Pug

pug

The pug is a breed with an ancient history. Its homeland is China has charmed its way into the hearts of dog lovers across the globe, including in India., and the inhabitants of the Celestial Empire believed that a mysterious symbol was encrypted in the funny folds located on the forehead of these dogs. Maybe that’s why only nobles could afford to keep a pug.

Pugs belong to the group of companion dogs: they are loyal to their owner and get along well with children. Due to the structure of the head and muzzle, some representatives of the breed may snore at night. 

It is very important for owners to monitor the health of their pets and regularly visit a veterinarian. The more excess weight a dog gains, the thicker the folds become and the more difficult it is for him to breathe. 

Because of this, there may be restrictions on walking in cold or hot weather and on physical activity in general.

Pugs have become increasingly popular in India, particularly in urban areas where their small size and low exercise requirements make them well-suited for apartment living. Their charming personality, combined with their adaptability to the Indian lifestyle, has made them a favorite among dog lovers seeking a loyal and loving companion.

Features:

Size:Small
Height:28-33 cm
Weight:6-8 kg
Health:Pugs cannot boast of excellent health. The breed belongs to the brachycephalic category, therefore, due to the structural features of the nasopharynx, they have problems with the respiratory system, including infectious and viral diseases.
Grooming:It is necessary to constantly examine your four-legged pet, monitoring the condition of the skin, ears, teeth and especially the eyes. In case of any discharge, you need to clean your eyes with a cotton swab dipped in an infusion of chamomile and calendula. The coat should be soft and shiny.
Exercise:It is recommended to keep pugs in an apartment or private house, but this does not mean that the pet does not need walks at all. Representatives of this breed should be walked twice a day.
Training:Pugs have a friendly character and are easy to train, so their upbringing occurs without any problems. It is best to train your pet from an early age; this can be done either in special courses for dogs or independently at home.
Nutrition:The pug’s diet should be balanced and contain the necessary vitamins and minerals to maintain the pet’s health. We recommend choosing high-class ready-made dry and wet diets for your pet (holistic, premium, super-premium), intended for small breeds.
Recommended Food:Contains more than 50% meat ingredients, including fresh meat. The production uses whole grains, as well as fresh vegetables and fruits rich in fiber. 
Care:Maintaining good condition of the fur is also considered important in caring for a pug. It is necessary to bathe representatives of this breed as their fur becomes dirty since frequent water treatments can harm the pet – when the biological film is washed off, dandruff appears on the pug’s skin and the fur becomes dull and brittle. When washing your dog, you should cover your pet’s ears with cotton swabs and provide protection from water getting into the eyes.

Pomeranian

Pomeranian

The Pomeranian, affectionately known as the “Pom,” is a small, fluffy dog breed that has captured the hearts of dog lovers worldwide, and India is no exception. With their adorable teddy bear-like appearance, playful personalities, and unwavering loyalty, Pomeranians have become a beloved member of many Indian families.

The Pomeranian is one of the most popular decorative breeds on the planet, a funny and active ball of fur, an endless source of positivity, sincere canine loyalty, and courage. This little bear is a wonderful companion and best friend to the family.

Pomeranians resemble small teddy bears with round eyes and a gorgeous mane. Thanks to the thick and soft undercoat and coarse long guard hairs, a spectacular appearance is achieved. The roundness of the shape is given by the frequent hairline, which is located perpendicular to the skin.

Grooming allows the dog to remain plush. Regular hairdressing procedures include not only shortening the fur but also combing at least once a week. More frequent trimmings can cause hair to fall out of the undercoat and create unsightly bald patches. 

Pomeranians have become increasingly popular in India, particularly among families and individuals seeking a small,low-maintenance, and affectionate companion. 

Their adaptability to different living environments, from apartments to larger homes, and their minimal exercise requirements make them a practical choice for many Indian pet owners. 

Their friendly nature and playful personality make them wonderful companions for children and adults alike, while their loyalty and protective instincts provide a sense of security to their families.

Features:

Size:Small
Height:28-33 cm
Weight:6-8 kg
Health:Almost all of their serious illnesses are genetic in nature, but if the owner regularly takes the pet to the veterinarian and periodically gives the necessary medications, there will be no complications.
Grooming:Grooming is carried out in three stages: combing, bathing, and cutting.Combing is always carried out against hair growth – from the crown to the tail.This is how you can get to the undercoat, the lower layers where tangles usually form.
Exercise:Spitz dogs need long walks every day at least one and a half to two hours.
Training:Dogs are easy to train, only with motivation, and the positive reaction of the owner is much more important for them than treats.
Nutrition:The easiest way to feed your pets is with ready-made food for small dogs.They contain all the necessary vitamins and microelements.Pomeranians only require 40 to 60 grams of dry food per day.However, the feed must contain at least 30% animal proteins.
Recommended Food:For natural feeding, lean meats are suitable: chicken, rabbit, turkey, and veal.Once a week, the meat is replaced with sea fish without bones, and 2-3 times a week the animal is given offal: kidneys, heart, liver. Dogs’ diet should include boiled cereals (oatmeal, buckwheat, millet, rice) and vegetables (pumpkin, carrots, zucchini).
Care:The owner himself must comb the pet – once a week consistently.If you do this more often, you can harm the dog: he will lose most of his undercoat. This will cause the Spitz to become smooth, this happens due to the fall of the guard hairs.It also happens that due to frequent combing, real bald spots form on the dog. 

Shih Tzu

Shih Tzu

The Shih Tzu is a small, energetic, and elegant dog. You may have heard that they are also called “chrysanthemums” due to the hair on the bridge of the nose that grows upward and to the sides, resembling a flower bud and elegant breed that has won the hearts of dog lovers in India and around the world.

The Shih Tzu has a short muzzle with high-set, hanging ears that fit tightly to the head. The eyes are round and widely set. The whites are not visible – because of this, the eyes appear like black beads. The dog’s nostrils should be wide open: the standard does not allow them to narrow.

Shih Tzus are increasingly popular in India, especially in urban areas where their small size and adaptability to apartment living make them a convenient choice. 

Their gentle nature and affectionate personality make them ideal companions for families with children, while their low exercise needs and adaptability to different lifestyles make them a popular choice for busy individuals and senior citizens. 

Their growing presence in Indian households reflects their versatility and ability to bring joy and companionship to people from all walks of life.

Features:

Size:Small
Height:23 – 28 cm
Weight:4.5 – 8 kg
Health:If the pet does not have hereditary diseases, and the owners provide it with proper care and nutrition, then a Shih Tzu can live up to 17 years, remaining active even in old age. However, a dog’s luxurious coat makes it vulnerable in many ways. In particular, for fleas.
Grooming:Daily grooming for your Shih Tzu includes standard brushing and styling to keep hair out of the eyes. One last point on caring for your Shih Tzu is caring for your dog’s paws.
Exercise:Take your puppy for walks often. Meet other dog lovers. Provide your puppy with communication with his relatives. Do not pick up the puppy if there is imaginary “danger”. Then your puppy will be able to grow into a confident dog.
Training:Shih Tzu puppies perceive training as a game. Therefore, if you miss the moment, the dog can grow wayward: it will bark loudly, grab the family’s legs, and act out when the owners are not at home.At the same time, “lion dogs” respond well to human speech and remember commands quite quickly. 
Nutrition:If you decide to feed your pet dry food, keep in mind that its quality directly affects the appearance of the dog’s coat. Usually, super-premium food with low fat and protein content is recommended for Shih Tzu. 
Recommended Food:Proper nutrition for Shih Tzu dogs: what and how to feed the dog, nutrition for dogs from puppy to adult dog. The natural menu includes:Fermented milk products (for example, kefir, yogurt), if the baby’s body accepts them wellMilk porridges (for example, rolled oats)       Lightly cooked meat (for example, beef, chicken, rabbit)   Vegetable purees with oil or fish oil  (contains vitamins, promotes development)Cooked sea fish (2-3 times a week)Boiled eggs (up to 2 pieces per week).
Care:The long hair of “little lions” causes a lot of trouble for owners, because it requires daily care. The dog should be thoroughly combed, moistened with conditioner or water, and paying special attention to “problem areas”: armpits, areas on the stomach, and behind the ears.

Dachshund

Dachshund

The Dachshund, affectionately known as the “sausage dog” or “wiener dog” for its long body and short legs, is a breed that has transcended trends and remained a beloved companion for generations in India and beyond. 

Originally bred in Germany for hunting badgers and other burrowing animals, Dachshunds have evolved into versatile family pets cherished for their unique appearance, spirited personalities, and unwavering loyalty.

The dachshund is one of the few dog breeds that is not in fashion. She is popular both among hunters and those who see her exclusively as a pet.

These are very active dogs, which, like the Spitz, are a real bundle of energy. Therefore, if you like to move a lot and pay attention to your pet, then this breed will definitely suit you.

Dogs get along well with strangers, although sometimes they can show modesty, avoid communication, and even growl at those they see for the first time. Miniature dogs are especially timid with strangers. If the dachshund feels that its owners are in danger, it will rush to defense without hesitation.

Dachshunds remain a popular choice in India due to their compact size, adaptability to different living environments, and their affectionate nature. Their lively personality and playful demeanor make them wonderful companions for children and adults alike, while their loyalty and protective instincts provide a sense of security to their families.

Features:

Size:Small
Height:13–15 cm
Weight:6-12 kg
Health:One breed that is prone to fat is the Dachshund. Exercise is more challenging for them because of their thin legs and low stature. Additionally, illnesses that affect movement, like IVDD and orthopedic issues, are common in dachshunds. 
Grooming:The ears, one of the most vulnerable places, require increased attention. Due to their hanging shape, sulfur accumulates in them much faster, and due to the low growth of the animal, fragments of plants, dust, and insects often get inside.
Exercise:A walk for 30 minutes is enough for Dachshund.
Training:The Dachshund is an intelligent and quick-witted dog. She will quickly understand that permissiveness and connivance on the part of the owner are very healthy, so you need to start raising your pet from the very first day you meet.Training can wait a little, but you need to teach the dog its name, diet, and place, and explain to the baby “what is good and what is bad” right away.  Success in education can be achieved only on the basis of establishing close contact and mutual understanding with the animal.
Nutrition:Choose balanced foods of the premium, super-premium, and holistic classes. They contain all the vitamins and minerals necessary for your pet.To maintain healthy joints, the dachshund’s diet must contain chondroprotective and omega-3s, as well as sources of calcium, phosphorus, proteins, and L-carnitine, which helps keep muscles toned and fight excess weight.
Recommended Food:For dachshunds prone to obesity, holistic food containing dietary, easily digestible protein sources is recommended. This can be a rabbit, deer, duck, or hydrolyzed lamb protein.
Care:It is not recommended to bathe small puppies. Washing dirty paws after a walk doesn’t count. Be sure to trim your baby’s nails once every two weeks.

Indies

Indies

The Indian Pariah Dog, also known as the “Desi Dog” or “InDog,” is a native breed that has roamed the streets and villages of India for centuries. While often overlooked in favor of foreign breeds, these indigenous dogs possess remarkable qualities that make them excellent companions and cherished members of Indian families.

Indies dogs are considered very good as pet dogs. These dogs are intelligent and also low maintenance. They are loyal and have good nature with children. If socialized and trained from an early age, they may be able to learn a variety of signals or gestures.

The Indies breed does not have the tendency to please family members like the Labrador or Cocker Spaniel. Therefore, to train them, there is a need to behave generously.

Indian Pariah Dogs are steadily gaining recognition and appreciation in India, and their popularity is on the rise. Their resilience, adaptability, and low-maintenance nature make them a practical choice for many Indian households, especially in rural areas. 

Their loyal and protective instincts make them valued guard dogs, while their affectionate nature and playful personality make them beloved companions for families and individuals alike.

 Their growing popularity is a testament to their enduring appeal and their ability to thrive in the diverse Indian landscape.

Features:

Size:Medium
Height:45–50 cm
Weight: 10-20 kg
Health:One of the most widespread myths regarding independent dogs is that, because of their strong immune systems, they never get sick.
Grooming:Daily brushing of your indies coat keeps their skin healthy overall, minimizes shedding, and deters ticks and fleas. They typically go through two cycles of shedding: one before winter and one after.
Exercise:Indies dogs might need to work out for 60 minutes, while others could be content to spend the entire day in bed.
Training:They need to be socialized and trained with patience as this breed may not understand certain types of behavior, so do not get discouraged as the results of training are not immediate.
Nutrition:Indies dogs are hardy and can eat either home-cooked food or packaged food. They should be given a balanced diet rich in protein. If someone is thinking of giving them supplements, then consult a veterinarian.Keep in mind, these dogs should not be given onion, garlic, salt, sugar, grapes and raisins.
Recommended Food:You can feed them lean meat, fish, and veggies. 
Care:Indi dogs can suffer from itching, allergies, eye and ear problems. It is believed that indigenous dogs are more powerful than other dogs. They understand the Indian conditions very well. The structure of their skin is such that they can adapt themselves even to hot climates.

FAQ:

What Is The Popular Dog Breed In India?

Golden Retrievers rank first among the most popular dog breeds. And this is true in India also. They are one of the most famous breeds in the world. They are loving, caring, child-friendly dogs and have the added benefit of being huggable.

Golden Retrievers are also used as guide dogs to help blind people. Golden Retrievers are intelligent dogs so they are also employed by the police during search operations. And if you are looking for an athletic dog, Labs are the perfect dog for you!

Which Dogs Are Called Tibetan Lion Dogs?

Shih Tzus are known as the Tibetan lion dogs. According to popular belief, Shih Tzus was raised by a Tibetan monk and gifted to the royal family.

The Shih Tzu falls into the toy breed category and although they are an active breed, they require a minimal amount of exercise. They are also considered to be stubborn by nature and are also considered to be jealous dogs. 

Which are The Scariest Dogs Breed In India?

German Shepherd breed of dogs are mostly kept by the army and police. German Shepherds are working dogs that have recently been adopted by military and police agencies. The grounds for this decision are self-evident: these are large, smart, strong, and dangerous dogs capable of killing people.

Doberman Pinschers are dogs of the breed adopted for work as guard dogs and police dogs and as a result, they have a reputation for being fearful and dangerous. It proves to be more dangerous, especially towards unknown people. 

The Doberman Pinscher form is known for its cropped ears, straight back, and constant alertness. With the exception of German shepherds, these dogs have been used as guard dogs.

What Are The Safest Pet Dog Breeds In India?

The safest pet dog breeds in India are…

  • Indies
  • Labrador
  • Golden Retriever
  • Pug
  • German Shepherd
  • Beagle

So these were some dog breeds which are very safe for you and your family. These dog breeds are very safe for both home and children. You can bring any of these dog breeds to your home.

What Sized Dog Is Perfect For Apartment In India?

A. Large dogs require attention as well as a healthy environment. Older dogs have a higher risk of having underlying health issues such as diabetes. It’s a good idea to know your dog’s medical and behavioral background before coming to a decision.

In such cases, if you are unable to make a decision then it would be better to take some time to choose the right breed. Also, consider the following things.

The large breed is also known as the Gentle Giant. They can be good guards but require a lot of space. They are called gentle giants because they behave well with children and patients.

Aapt Dubey
Aapt Dubey

Aapt Dubey, a devoted canine enthusiast and experienced dog Owner, brings boundless passion to our team. With a heart full of love for our four-legged friends, Aapt is dedicated to sharing insights on dog care, behavior, and training to make every pup's life happier and healthier at ItsAboutDog.com.

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