Positive Reinforcement VS Punishment Based Training Methods -Dog training is based on mutual understanding and interaction between trainers and their dogs. Even if we can’t talk to dogs in the same way we talk to other people, we certainly can communicate with our tailed companions.
One of the most effective ways to communicate with dogs is through positive and negative reinforcement. Both of these types are necessary for normalizing behavior and teaching obedience. So, let’s learn more about these two methods.
What Is Positive Reinforcement Training Techniques:
Positive reinforcement is essential for your dog to understand what kind of behavior you like. Wanting to continue to receive positive reinforcement, the dog will be ready to scold the desired behavior in the future.
Positive reinforcement will be meaningful (interesting, important) for the dog if it satisfies any of its needs. There are two basic needs of dogs that can be used in training – the need for social interaction and the need for nutrition.
The need for social communication and interaction is vital for dogs. Wild canine relatives, such as wolves, marry, play, laze, and eat surrounded by their kind – in their pack.
Our domestic dogs, descendants of wolves, instinctively seek out their pack. Therefore, your dog views people and other dogs in your home in this role.
The trainer can reinforce the desired behavior of his dog using three very effective “social rewards” (three types of positive social reinforcement) – affection, play, and verbal praise.
Dogs love to touch. Gentle stroking behind the ears or vigorous massage of the back and lower back is very enjoyable for most dogs. Receiving such influence after completing the obedience exercise will be considered by the dog as positive reinforcement (reward).
The dog will know that you liked his behavior. But dogs don’t seem to like having their heads pounded on like a drum. And yet, a dog can have its own, unique to it, areas of the body that are sensitive to caresses.
Play is a form of other enjoyable social interaction. Most dogs love to play. Find an object your dog loves, such as a squeaky toy or ball.
Play with your dog after he completes the obedience exercise. When I trained my golden retriever, Woody, in A.K.S. obedience training, I always carried a tennis ball in my jacket pocket.
After a two-minute exercise, I played with Woody with a ball for about two minutes – I threw the ball into the grass, and Woody found it. Woody loved these games and soon realized that the activities ultimately led to fun games.
Your dog also interprets verbal praise (conditioned positive reinforcement) as a reward. Dogs are attracted to enthusiastic, high-pitched sounds.
A dull repetition of “Good dog, good dog” will not be effective as a reinforcer. Be lively. Make praise interesting for your dog. Watch its tail – if it wags, the dog accepts praise. Keep in mind that different dogs have different levels of excitability.
Some of them may enjoy mild praise, while others require more intense stimulation. You must find your verbal praise to keep your dog happy during training.
Nutrition is another basic need of a dog. Food reinforcement is very helpful in learning. Training instructors have varying opinions regarding the use of food reinforcement as a reward.
Some people believe that the presence of food interferes with the dog’s concentration on behavior during training. I don’t agree with this.
After all, the thought of food does not disrupt the wolf’s concentration when he is learning to hunt rabbits. But, on the contrary, it strengthens it.
Other training instructors believe that if food reinforcement is used in training, the dog will only obey when hungry. But I recommend using food as a form of positive reinforcement. If nutritional supplements are used correctly, such positive reinforcement will not cause problems in learning.
What Is Punishment-based Training Methods?
Love, praise, and reward are very important aspects of successful dog training. But, unfortunately, this is not enough.
Negative reinforcement is also necessary if the trainer wants to succeed in communicating with his dog if he wants her to fully understand him.
As I mentioned earlier, training should be based on the dog’s attitude and worldview. For example, a wolf maintains order in its pack through demonstrative and physical interaction.
However, the wolf does not punish the members of his pack. Likewise, I recommend that you refrain from punishing your dog.
A dog pack leader does not kick, punch, or kill members of his pack whose behavior he does not like. I strongly recommend that you avoid these abusive methods as well. Instead, use these types of natural negative reinforcement when training your dog.
Dogs also bite each other. You’ve probably observed how a dog defends its bone when another dog tries to take it away. First, the owner’s dog growls. If this does not help, teeth are used.
Another natural negative reinforcement is a push to the nape of the dog’s neck. The scruff is the area of the neck in front of the shoulders.
Neck ruffling is used by dogs to correct the behavior of puppies. I have also observed adult dogs latching onto another dog’s scruff of the neck in an attempt to assert dominance.
If you are not inclined to bite your dog, this is the type of negative reinforcement you can use. Both types of negative reinforcement are understandable to dogs – it’s their language. I strongly advise you to speak to your dog in their language, so he will understand you faster.
Which Technique Is Helpful To Train Dog Behavior?
There is a big difference between punishment and negative reinforcement. Punishment occurs after an individual has committed an undesirable act.
Negative reinforcement occurs during unwanted behavior. In this case, it is easier for the dog to associate unpleasant stimuli with performing the unwanted behavior. As we know, punishment, as retribution for a crime, is inevitable.
Negative reinforcement is always associated in time with behavior. Dogs are not capable of thinking like this: “Yeah, I’m being punished now for what I did two hours earlier!” Therefore, the use of negative reinforcement is most effective in training and correcting behavior.
Dogs find it difficult to understand why they are being punished, and they are prone to misinterpreting their actions.
For instance, it might seem reasonable to put them in their box after they have an accident on the living room carpet and start yelling. But that dog might take those actions as a sign that it’s improper to urinate there, and as a result, they might begin to conceal their accidents in unexpected locations throughout the house.
Positive reinforcement prevents communication problems that are caused by punishment. In this case, it’s right to take them outdoors right away and show them that’s where it’s proper for them to relieve themselves. Reward and commend them when they go outside to relieve themselves.
Additionally dehumanizing your dog, punishment can make them apathetic and uninspired. The greatest way to illustrate positive reinforcement is to use an example from a human-to-human interaction.
Your boss’s physical aggression or ranting when you make a mistake at work degrades you and makes you feel ashamed and unmotivated.
You come away from a more fruitful conversation feeling relieved, appreciative, and inspired since it gets to the core of the issue and offers a way to keep it from happening in the future. Positive and negative reinforcement have the same effects on your dog.
Over time, you will need to train your dog using methods that are not natural. Dogs, of course, do not use collars or leashes. They do not splash each other’s faces with water to train noisy members of the pack to be quiet on command. But if the method is humane, why not use it?
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